Street painting has been recorded throughout Europe since the 16th century. Street Painters, a name these performance artists are most commonly called in the USA are historically called I Madonnari in Italy (singular form: madonnaro) because they recreated images of the Madonna. In England they are called Screevers and in Germany Strassenmaler.
The Italian I Madonnari were itinerant artists. Aware of festival and holy days in each province and town, they traveled to join in the festivities to make a living from observers who would throw coins if they approved of the artists work. For centuries I Madonnari were folk artists, reproducing simple images with crude materials such as tiles, coal and chalk until World War II disrupted their tradition and reduced their numbers.
In 1972, a street painting was being promoted again by the formation of a festival in Grazie di Curtatone, Italy and today the performance art-form is recognized all over the world.
In 1982, Kurt Wenner, who is recognized as the innovator of 3-D street painting and others followed developing new styles based on the work of artists such as Andrea Mantegna, M. C. Escher, Michelangelo, Hans Holbein and others. Today this work is called 3d Street Painting, 3D Pavement Art, 3D Chalk Art, 3D Sidewalk Art, 3D Illusion, anamorphic or 3D, although in the past it was called one-point perspective.
In 2010, Edgar Mueller, created a 100′ x 40′ 3-D street painting that for the first time in history was designed to metamorphose, the image changing from day to night from a giant into a fetus, through the use of photoluminescent paints.
In 2010, the First International Street Painting Festival in the United States was organized by Denise Kowal, President of the Avenida de Colores, Inc. 501 nonprofit corporation that produced the Sarasota Chalk Festival
Over 250 street painters attended the Halloween-themed festival attracting some of the best street painters from around the world such as Maestro Madonnaro and Guinness World Record holder Edgar Mueller from Germany who created the first day/night 3D street painting using photoluminescence paints 100′ x 40′; Guinness World Record holder Leon Keer from the Netherlands; Maestra Madonnaro Vera Bugatti from Italy; Genna Panzarella who was the first woman to receive the title Maestra Madonnaro in Grazie di Curtatone and Guinness World Record holder Tracy Lee Stum from California created a 65′ x 30′ 3D Mousetrap interactive game that had two separate perspective planes, called two-point perspective.