The history of the reservoir began in World War II, when all the armored vehicles-ground, first deployed in response to the problems of trench warfare, ushering in a new era of mechanized warfare. Although the original crude and unreliable tanks eventually became the mainstay of land armies. Until World War II tank design is significantly improved, and tanks were used in the amount of land in all theaters of war . Cold saw the rise of the modern doctrine of the reservoir and increase the general-purpose main battle tank. Tank still provides the backbone to land combat operations in 21st century.
The First World War generated a strong demand for armored self-propelled weapons that could navigate any type of terrain, which led to the development tank. Big weakness predecessor tanks and armored cars, was the need to move smoothly into the field, and new developments are needed for cross-country ability.
Reservoir was originally conceived as a special weapon to solve tactical unusual situation: the road from the trenches on the Western Front. “It was a weapon designed for a simple task. Transition zone between the lines of killing and breaking into the enemy trench defense” armored truck was supposed to be able to survive the bombing and machine-gun fire, artillery, and go through the barbed wire so the infantry could not to hope, making it possible to break the stalemate.
On this day in 1915, a prototype called the Little Villie tank rolled off the assembly line in England. Willie was a little far away from success overnight. It weighs 14 tons, got stuck in the trenches and crawled over rough terrain at only two miles per hour. However, improvements were made to the original prototype and tanks eventually transformed military battles.